NAHEP has been formulated by ICAR with a total cost of US$ 165 million (Rupees 1100 crores at the exchange rate of Rs. 66.75 = 1US$) for five years starting from 2017-18. The project is proposed on 50:50 cost sharing basis between the World Bank and the Government of India, implemented at the Education Division, ICAR, New Delhi. Overall, the project aims to develop resources and mechanism for supporting infrastructure, faculty and student advancement, and providing means for bettergovernance and management of agriculturaluniversities, so that a holistic model can be developed to raise the standard of current agriculturaleducation system that provides more jobs and is entrepreneurship oriented and on par with the global agriculture education standards. The mandate of ICAR/DARE includes promotion and coordination of education in agriculture, agro-forestry, animal husbandry, fisheries, home science and allied sciences in the country. ICAR is now embarking upon an ambitious step in further strengthening the National Agricultural Education system in the country through National Agricultural Higher Education Project (NAHEP) with financial assistance of the World Bank by investing on infrastructure, competency and commitment of faculty, and attracting talented students to agriculture.
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL HIGHER EDUCATION PROJECT CAAST
SCHOOL OF NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE ON GENOMICS-ASSISTED CROP IMPROVEMENT AND MANAGEMENT Centre for Advanced Agricultural Science and Technology (CAAST) is a new initiative and student centric sub-component of World Bank sponsored National Agricultural Higher Education Project (NAHEP) granted to The Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi to provide a platform for strengthening educational and research activities of post graduate and doctoral students. The ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi was selected by the NAHEP-CAAST programme. NAHEP sanctioned Rs 19.99 crores for the project of IARI on “Genomic assisted crop improvement and management” under CAAST programme. The project at IARI specifically aims at inculcating genomics education and skills among the students and enhancing the expertise of the faculty of IARI in the area of genomics.IARI’s CAAST project is unique as it provides a platform to the M.Sc. and Ph.D. students from different disciplines for learning OMICs skills by doing research. The students will be trained at Institutes of International repute. CAAST will organize lectures and training programmes, and develop online teaching useful to the student and faculty of NARES. It will provide opportunities to the students and faculty to gain international exposure. Further, the project envisages developing a modern lab named as Discovery Centre that will serve as a common facility for students’ research at IARI.
- Development and implementation of interdisciplinary PhD and M.Sc. research projects focused on natural resource management.
- Formulation of advance courses on natural resource management for PhD scholars.
- Conducting two advance trainings for the young faculty and two training workshops for 20 students each per year.
- Lecture series on recent advances in NRM
- To start a PG certificate course on Next Generation Technologies for NRM
- To fine tune nutrient, water and weed management strategies under changed time of sowing, crop duration and straw retention/incorporation
- Assessment of low carbon emission RCTs in Rice/maize-wheat and agro-forestry systems – Measuring methane and nitrous oxide emissions to evaluate the global warming potential of different RCTs
- To study the impact of RCTs on C accretion and soil health from ongoing long-term fertilizer management experiments in rice/maize-wheat cropping systems.
- To study the root architecture in rice-wheat system in new natural management driven scenario – drip irrigation and sub-surface drip irrigation vis-à-vis surface flooding.
- To study the interaction effects of NRM driven technologies and climate change on crop productivity, water and nitrogen balance in major cropping systems through simulation modelling, remote sensing and GIS
- Refinement and modification in Straw Combine to be used for the collection and bruising of paddy straw for effective picking and cutting mechanism to collect paddy straw
- Modification and refinement of tractor operated liquid urea applicator for point injection in straw mulched field
- To develop cart based spraying system for targeted weedicide application for marginal farmers
- Development of partial and rapid baling technology for improved efficiency of PAU Happy Seeder
- To develop UAV/drone based spraying system for intensively cultivated rice-wheat sequence.
- Development of tractor-operated soil EC and compaction sensor
- Development of low cost temperature and moisture sensors for automated drip irrigation system.
- Development of automatic rice transplanter for small farm.
- Development of decision support system for the irrigation and fertigation requirements of the selected crop seque
- Studies on subsurface drip irrigation system in maize-wheat-summer moong, rice-wheat, cotton-wheat and sugarcane.
- Selection of short duration and low biomass rice lines with high productivity under farm scale use of NRM machinery such as combine harvester with SMS and Happy seeder etc.
- Identification of high density tolerant rice genotypes without any individual plant yield penalty – How to get better yields from short duration varieties.
- Selection in wheat for traits beneficial under conservation agriculture such as germination and emergence ability under high temp, coleoptile length, and robust tillering.